Types of Effluent Treatment Plants – Sewage Treatment System

Sewage Treatment System

Effluent Treatment Plants

The effluent treatment plant is a special water treatment solution designed to decontaminate industrial wastewater. This method of purification allows companies to reuse waste water in other procedures and protect the environment from hazardous chemicals of industrial effluent.

From grease to oil and other toxins such as cyanides, industrial wastewater comprises of a large number of hazardous chemical compounds. Some of these chemicals are degradable organic pollutants and therefore require a unique method called ETP to get rid of them.

What is the effluent treatment plant process?

An effluent treatment plant contains various stages. The water passes through several channels including physical, chemical, biological and membrane processes to purify industrial waste before it is released in the environment. Each manufacturing company has a different machine dedicated to deal with a specific range of chemicals.

How does an effluent plant work?

Effluent Treatment Plants

Every effluent treatment plant targets a certain type of effluent present in industrial wastewater. Therefore, the technology and methodology vary in every treatment plant. Generally, an ETP includes the following steps.

Preliminary Treatment:

This stage removes large size particles from the contaminated water. Elements such as clothes, paper, wood, and plastic are physically separated by the machine using the following methods.

Screening: It is the first step to removing solid particles. The plant uses a uniform screen to remove floating substances from the used industrial water.

Sedimentation: This process uses the power of gravity to get rid of suspended solid particles.

Grit Chamber: This compartment of effluent treatment plants eliminates heavy metal particles and gravel from the wastewater. The process is carried out in order to avoid pipe damage and sewer blockage in the future.

Clarifiers: This step is carried out right before biological treatment and uses built in tanks to remove sedimentation.

Primary Treatment:

The treatment focusses on undissolved settleable particles and organic compounds. It requires both physical and chemical procedures to separate water from unwanted ingredients. Flocculation, coagulation, neutralization, primary clarification are the important stages of this process.

Biological Treatment:

Biological treatment also named as the secondary treatment is used to take all the residual organic and nonorganic matter out of the water. This compartment contains activated sludge, aerated lagoons, trickling filters and rotating biological contactor. Biological floc and artificial aeration are used to fetch the remains of industrial waste.

Tertiary treatment:

The last and final step of the entire procedure is the disinfection of purified water. This advanced stage aims to improve the quality of the wastewater making it suitable for reuse. Along with coagulation and filtration, this stage also involves reverse osmosis and UV disinfection.

Best ETP Manufacturer:

Types of Effluent Treatment Plants - Sewage Treatment System

Are you looking for a premium quality effluent treatment plant at an affordable price? Get in touch with Pure Water Flux today. We offer fully customizable designs at low operating costs. Our effluent recycling systems are easy to install and low maintenance. Visit our website at http://purewaterflux.com/ to learn more about our product and services.